Open Access

Antidepressants in the treatment of chronic headaches: therapy of psychiatric comorbidity or other mechanisms?

The Journal of Headache and PainOfficial Journal of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches5:125

DOI: 10.1007/s10194-004-0125-2

Abstract

Antidepressants are often used in the prophylaxis of chronic headaches, but their effectiveness is uncertain. A recent meta-analysis showed that antidepressants are effective in the treatment of chronic headaches. Double-blind, placebo-controlled studies showed that amitriptyline and fluoxetine may be useful in the prophylaxis of chronic headaches. Further studies are needed in order to evaluate whether there are differences in efficacy among the classes of agents and whether this effect is independent of depression treatment.

Key words

Chronic headaches Antidepressants Meta-analysis TCAs SSRI