Open Access

P300 and contingent negative variation in migraine

  • Michele Feleppa1Email author,
  • Walter Di Iorio1 and
  • Donato M. T. Saracino2
The Journal of Headache and PainOfficial Journal of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches5:108


We reviewed P300 and contingent negative variation (CNV) studies performed in migraine in order to identify their relevance in migraine and the role of neurophysiology in migraine. Publications available to us were completed by a Medline search. There is experimental and clinical evidence for loss of cognitive habituation in migraine which may serve as a specific diagnostic tool; therefore, we reviewed studies on migraine that analyzed habituation and lack of habituation by P300 and CNV, performing short-term habituation (STH) and long-term habituation (LTH). Finally, we described the two components of P300 (a and b) and of CNV (early and late wave) and the two abnormalities reported from the majority of studies on event-related potential in migraine: increased amplitude of average event-related potential and lack of habituation. These abnormalities are especially related to the early component characterizing orienting activity.

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