Open Access

Association between the G1246A polymorphism of the hypocretin receptor 2 gene and cluster headache: a meta-analysis

  • Innocenzo Rainero1Email author,
  • Elisa Rubino1,
  • Walter Valfrè1,
  • Salvatore Gallone1,
  • Paola De Martino1,
  • Erika Zampella1 and
  • Lorenzo Pinessi1
The Journal of Headache and Pain20078:383

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-007-0383-x

Received: 19 January 2007

Accepted: 8 March 2007

Published: 11 June 2007

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the association between polymorphisms of the hypocretin receptor 2 gene (HCRTR2) and the risk of cluster headache (CH). The study is a meta-analysis of published case-control studies investigating the association between polymorphisms of the HCRTR2 gene and CH. Pooled odds ratios (OR) were estimated using both random (RE) and fixed effects (FE) models. Three studies, performed in five different European countries, with 593 cases and 599 controls, were included in the study. Allele G of the G1246A HCRTR2 polymorphism was significantly associated with CH (FE OR 1.58, CI 95% 1.27–1.95; RE OR 1.55 (1.14–2.12)). Carriers of the GG genotype showed a higher disease risk compared to the remaining genotypes (FE OR 1.75, CI 95% 1.37–2.25; RE OR 1.69, CI 95% 1.11–2.58). Our data confirm that the G1246A polymorphism of the HCRTR2 gene may modulate the genetic risk for CH.

Keywords

Meta-analysisGenetic associationCluster headacheG1246A polymorphism Hypocretin receptor 2 gene