Open Access

Personality factors in chronic headache: evaluation with SCL-90R

  • Caterina Firenze,
  • Maria Pia Prudenzano,
  • Sergio Genco,
  • Mariantonietta Savarese,
  • Francomichele Puca,
  • Maria Nicolodi,
  • Stefania Canova,
  • Franca Moschiano,
  • Domenico D'Amico,
  • Susanna Usai,
  • Gennaro Bussone,
  • Giorgio Zanchin,
  • Franco Granella,
  • Susanna Russo and
  • Giorgio Nider
The Journal of Headache and PainOfficial Journal of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches1:0001S053.10194

https://doi.org/10.1007/s101940070027

Abstract

The psychopathological approach is fundamental in the study of chronic headache because it integrates the diagnosis of a pathology in which the symptom (headache) is the disease itself hiding in itself the deep message to decode. The Symptom Check List 90R(SCL-90R) is a scale of general evaluation of current psychopathology which can be self-administered by the patient. The scales of SCL-90R are correlated with those of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Moreover the former test has the advantage of being shorter and more pratical so it was chosen to be used in this study on chronic headache. The results showed that the psychopathological profile of chronic headache patient is rather impaired in all the dimensions and indices measured by the test. No difference was found in the occurrence of psychopathological symptoms either between analgesic abusers and nonabusers, or among the three subtypes of chronic headache.

Key words SCL-90R Psychopathological symptoms Somatization Chronic headache