The Journal of Headache and Pain

"European Headache Federation" and of "Lifting The Burden - The Global Campaign against Headache"

The Journal of Headache and Pain Cover Image
Open Access

Chronic daily headache: a Rorschach study

  • Pierluigi Scapicchio,
  • Dario De Fidio,
  • Francomichele Puca,
  • Vittorio Sciruicchio,
  • Maria Nicolodi,
  • Stefania Canova,
  • Domenico D'Amico,
  • Giuseppe Libro,
  • Giorgio Zanchin,
  • Anna Pia Verri,
  • Giorgio Sandrini,
  • Andrea Alberti,
  • Susanna Russo,
  • Piero Barbanti and
  • Teresa Catarci
The Journal of Headache and PainOfficial Journal of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches1:0001S057.10194


The aim of this study was to describe the distinctive personality traits and their interest to the development of a chronic form of headache, by means of the Rorschach test, a projective approach, in an automated version compiled by a trained system (PRALP3). This study did not show the existence of a pathological structure in the chronic headache sufferer personality (in the psychiatric sense of the word). The most important finding is the admission that both neurosis associated with anxious-depressive elements and inhibited emotional overflowing are important factors in the genesis of chronic daily headache. This study does not exclude that other factors different from personality traits may also play a pathogenetic role in headache worsening. In other words, the development of chronic daily headache may be a patterned or learned response generated by the brain in relation to multiple inciting causes (stress, drug abuse) or individual predisposition (personality traits).

Key words RorschachChronic daily headacheAbusePersonality traits