The Journal of Headache and Pain

"European Headache Federation" and of "Lifting The Burden - The Global Campaign against Headache"

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Open Access

Chronic daily headache: personality study by means of computerized MMPI-2

  • Dario De Fidio,
  • Vittorio Sciruicchio,
  • Beatrice Pastore,
  • Maria Pia Prudenzano,
  • Elisa Di Pietro,
  • Alfonso Tramontano,
  • Angelo Lorizio,
  • Franco Granella,
  • Gennaro Bussone,
  • Licia Grazzi and
  • Paola Sarchielli
The Journal of Headache and PainOfficial Journal of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches1:0001S067.10194


Unresolved questions in headache research are the roles of drug abuse and psychopathology in headache disorder, especially in chronic daily headache. We investigated the utility of the revised version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) for assessing psychopathology in chronic daily headache patients. Chronic headache sufferers gave characteristic responses on Hy (hypochondria), D (depression) and Hs (hysteria) scales which are known as the “neurotic triad”. Although our data suggest that the MMPI profile types do not discriminate between different diagnosis groups and fail to determine whether psychopathological traits predispose to drug abuse, they nonetheless confirm the importance of psychological assessment as an essential step in the decision to seek medical help for headache.

Key words MMPI-2Chronic daily headachePersonality inventory