The Journal of Headache and Pain

Official Journal of the "European Headache Federation" and of "Lifting The Burden - The Global Campaign against Headache"

The Journal of Headache and Pain Cover Image

Volume 15 Supplement 1

Abstracts from the 4th European Headache and Migraine Trust International Congress: EHMTIC 2014

Open Access

EHMTI-0183. “Maternal smoking during pregnancy and chronic headache at school children in Uzbekistan.”

  • S Gazieva1,
  • Anna Prokhorova1 and
  • N Rashidova1
The Journal of Headache and Pain201415(Suppl 1):B7

Published: 18 September 2014


Public HealthInternal MedicinePotential ConfounderSchool ChildTobacco Smoking


Current tobacco smoking has been associated with headache. However it is notknown if maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with headache in theiroffspring.


The aim of thisresearch was evaluated the association between maternal smoking duringpregnancy with headache in school-aged children.


Twoprospective cohorts of 101 children aged 9-11 years from Tashkent (Uzbekistan)and 95 children aged 7-8 years from Samarkand (Uzbekistan) were studied. Dataon maternal smoking were collected at birth and data on headache and other confoundingfactors were collected at school age using the same questionnaire completed bythe mothers in the two cities. Primary headache was defined as a motherreporting that his/her child had ≥ 2 episodes of headache in the two lastweeks, without any associated organic symptoms.


Prevalence of headache was reported by the mother was 35% in Tashkent and 21%in Samarkand. After adjustment, children whose mothers smoked >=8 cigarettesper day during the pregnancy presented higher prevalence of primary headachethan their counterparts in both cohorts.


Inspite of adjusting for a long list of potential confounders, maternal smokingduring pregnancy was associated with headache in 7-11 years olds in two Uzbekistancities of contrasting economic wealth.

No conflict of interest.

Authors’ Affiliations

Neurology, Tashkent Medical Academy, Tashkent, Uzbekistan


© Gazieva et al; licensee Springer. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.