Volume 15 Supplement 1
EHMTI-0272. Microvascular decompression of the trigeminal nerve in the treatment of medically intractable SUNCT and SUNA
© Lambru et al; licensee Springer. 2014
Published: 18 September 2014
Microvascular decompression (MVD) of the trigeminal nerve has been so far reported to be effective in 12/19 SUNCT and SUNA patients (63 %) with neurovascular compression.
We report the outcome of MVD, using Jannetta procedure, in nine cases of medically intractable chronic SUNCT and SUNA patients.
Nine patients with chronic SUNCT and SUNA with a vascular loop indenting or distorting the trigeminal nerve ipsilaterally to the side of the pain demonstrable on MRI scan were offered MVD of the trigeminal nerve. All the patients failed to respond or tolerate adequate dosages of: lamotrigine, topiramate, oxcarbazepine, carbamazepine, duloxetine, pregabalin or gabapentin and greater occipital nerve blocks. Intravenous lidocaine improved the pain only during infusion in some of them.
Seven SUNCT and two SUNA patients underwent MVD of the trigeminal nerve. They all had multiple daily severe headache attacks at baseline. At a median follow-up of 15 months (range: 8-30 months) after the operation, four patients became and remained pain free, one patient each had 90%, 70% and 50% improvement, respectively. The patient who improved by 50% was rendered pain free on preventive treatments. Two patients became pain free for 12 months, before pain returned. One patient suffered a CSF leak after the procedure.
MVD of the trigeminal nerve was effective in 7/9 SUNCT/SUNA patients (78%). Although longer follow-up is needed to establish the long term outcome of this procedure, these preliminary data support the role of MVD in the surgical management of SUNCT and SUNA.
No conflict of interest.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.