The Journal of Headache and Pain

Official Journal of the "European Headache Federation" and of "Lifting The Burden - The Global Campaign against Headache"

The Journal of Headache and Pain Cover Image

Volume 15 Supplement 1

Abstracts from the 4th European Headache and Migraine Trust International Congress: EHMTIC 2014

Open Access

EHMTI-0150. A controlled study of sleep in cluster headache patients.apo04

  • M Barloese1,
  • P Jennum2,
  • N Lund1 and
  • R Jensen1
The Journal of Headache and Pain201415(Suppl 1):E13

Published: 18 September 2014


Sleep ApneaCluster HeadacheClose ConnectionSleep StageHeadache Disorder


Cluster headache (CH) is a primary headache disorder characterized by notoriously severe attacks of unilateral pain following a chronobiological pattern. There is a close connection with sleep as many attacks occur during the night and a complex hypothalamic involvement has been suggested.


To investigate sleep in a large, well-characterized population of CH-patients and compare our findings to those in healthy controls.


We performed polysomnography (PSG) for two nights in 40 CH patients during active bout and for one night in 25 age, sex and BMI-matched controls on an in-hospital basis. Clinical headache characterization was obtained through a semi-structured interview.


A total of 99 nights of PSG were analyzed. Our main finding was a reduced percentage of REM-sleep (P<0.01), longer REM-latency (P<0.01) and fewer arousals (P<0.01) in CH patients. There was no difference in the prevalence of sleep apnea between patients (38%) and our matched controls (32%) although numerically patients had a higher mean apnea-hypopnea index (10.75 vs. 4.93). We observed 45 nocturnal CH attacks but no temporal association with particular sleep stages.


To date, this is the largest study of sleep in CH. REM-sleep is affected in CH which is in line with our current understanding of CH and newer studies indicating hypothalamic involvement in the regulation of this sleep stage. Further, we found fewer arousals in CH-patients as has been demonstrated in other headache disorders. Together, the findings support a central role of the hypothalamus and arousal systems in CH.

No conflict of interest.

Authors’ Affiliations

Neurology, Danish Headache Center, Glostrup, Denmark
Neurology, Danish Center for Sleep Medicine, Glostrup, Denmark


© Barloese et al; licensee Springer. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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