P007. Inhibition of monoacylglycerol lipase activity modulates the activation of brain structures relevant for migraine pathogenesis
© Greco et al. 2015
Published: 28 September 2015
Experimental evidence shows that the anti-nociceptive action of endocannabinoids, related to the modulation of the trigeminovascular system activity, may be helpful for prompting new targets for the treatment of migraine. URB602 is an inhibitor of monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), a key enzyme in the hydrolysis of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). URB602 induces analgesia in animal pain models not related to migraine, but there is no pre-clinical information as regards to its potential effect in migraine pain.
To evaluate whether URB602 administration interferes with the level of activation of brain structures involved in migraine.
Nitroglycerin (NTG) induces neuronal activation in a specific subset of brain nuclei that are considered relevant for the development of migraine attacks. In this study we evaluated the changes caused by URB602 in NTG-induced neuronal activation. Male Sprague Dawley rats were treated with NTG (10mg/kg, i.p.) followed by URB602 (2mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle (DMSO, 1ml/kg, i.p.). Their brains were processed for the detection of c-Fos protein, used as an indicator of brain activation.
URB602 alone did not change Fos expression in the brain nuclei under evaluation. When administered 3 hours after NTG, URB602 reduced NTG-induced Fos expression in all the cerebral areas that were examined, with a significant effect in nucleus trigeminalis caudalis and ventrolateral column of periaqueductal grey.
The inhibition of MAGL activity, with the theoretical increase of central content of 2-AG, may modulate the activation of structures involved in pain perception and pain integration in an animal model specific for migraine.
This study was supported by a grant from the Italian Ministry of Health to “C. Mondino” National Neurological Institute (Ricerca Corrente 2013).
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